Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016
Appendix 5.6 Knowledge of non-official languages, classifications from 2016, 2011 and 2006

Release date: October 25, 2017
Appendix 5.6
Knowledge of non-official languages, classifications from 2016, 2011 and 2006
Table summary
This table displays the results of Knowledge of non-official languages. The information is grouped by 2016 Classification (appearing as row headers), 2011 Classification and 2006 Classification (appearing as column headers).
2016 Classification 2011 Classification 2006 Classification
None None None
Non-official languages Non-official languages Non-official languages
Aboriginal languages Aboriginal languages Aboriginal languages
Algonquian languages Algonquian languages Algonquian languages
Blackfoot Blackfoot Blackfoot
Cree-Montagnais languages Not available Not available
Atikamekw Atikamekw Atikamekw
Montagnais (Innu)Appendix 5.6 Note 1 Innu/Montagnais Montagnais-NaskapiAppendix 5.6 Note 2
Moose Cree Not available Not available
Naskapi Naskapi Not available
Northern East Cree Not available Not available
Plains Cree Plains Cree Not available
Southern East Cree Not available Not available
Swampy Cree Swampy Cree Not available
Woods Cree Woods Cree Not available
Cree, n.o.s. Cree, n.o.s. CreeAppendix 5.6 Note 3
Eastern Algonquian languages Not available Not available
Malecite Malecite Malecite
Mi'kmaq Mi'kmaq Mi'kmaq
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages Not available Not available
Algonquin Algonquin Algonquin
Ojibway Ojibway Ojibway
Oji-Cree Oji-Cree Oji-Cree
Ottawa (Odawa) Not available Not available
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. Algonquian languages, n.i.e. Algonquian languages, n.i.e.
Athabaskan languagesAppendix 5.6 Note 4 Athapaskan languages Athapaskan languages
Northern Athabaskan languages Not available Not available
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) Wetsuweten Not available
Beaver Beaver Not available
Carrier Carrier Carrier
Chilcotin Chilcotin Chilcotin
DeneAppendix 5.6 Note 5 DeneAppendix 5.6 Note 5 Dene
Dogrib (Tlicho)Appendix 5.6 Note 4 Tlicho (Dogrib)Appendix 5.6 Note 6 Dogrib
Gwich'in Gwich'inAppendix 5.6 Note 6 Kutchin-Gwich'in (Loucheux)
Sarsi (Sarcee)Appendix 5.6 Note 4 Sarcee Not available
Sekani Sekani Not available
Slavey-Hare languages Not available Not available
North Slavey (Hare) North Slavey (Hare)Appendix 5.6 Note 6 North Slave (Hare)
South Slavey South SlaveyAppendix 5.6 Note 6 South Slave
Slavey, n.o.s. Slavey, n.o.s. Not available
Tahltan languages Not available Not available
Kaska (Nahani) Kaska (Nahani) Not available
Tahltan Tahltan Not available
Tutchone languagesAppendix 5.6 Note 7 Not available Not available
Northern Tutchone Northern Tutchone Not available
Southern Tutchone Southern Tutchone Not available
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e.Appendix 5.6 Note 4 Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. Athapaskan languages, n.i.e.
Haida Haida Haida
Inuit languages Inuit languages InuktitutAppendix 5.6 Note 8
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun)Appendix 5.6 Note 9 Appendix 5.6 Note 10 Inuinnaqtun Inuinnaqtun
Inuktitut Inuktitut Not available
Inuit languages, n.i.e. Inuit languages, n.i.e. Inuktitut, n.i.e.Appendix 5.6 Note 11
Iroquoian languages Iroquoian languages Iroquoian languages
Cayuga Cayuga Not available
Mohawk Mohawk Mohawk
Oneida Oneida Not available
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. Iroquoian languages, n.i.e.
Kutenai Kutenai Kutenai
Michif Michif Not available
Salish languages Salish languages Salish languages
Comox Not available Not available
Halkomelem Halkomelem Not available
Lillooet Lillooet Not available
Okanagan Okanagan Not available
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) Shuswap (Secwepemctsin)Appendix 5.6 Note 6 Shuswap
Squamish Squamish Not available
Straits Straits Not available
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) Thompson (Ntlakapamux) Thompson (Ntlakapamux)
Salish languages, n.i.e. Salish languages, n.i.e. Salish languages, n.i.e.
Siouan languages Siouan languagesAppendix 5.6 Note 6 Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux)
Dakota Dakota Not available
Stoney Stoney Not available
Siouan languages, n.i.e. Siouan languages, n.i.e. Not available
Tlingit Tlingit Tlingit
Tsimshian languages Tsimshian languages Tsimshian languages
Gitxsan (Gitksan)Appendix 5.6 Note 4 Gitksan Gitksan
Nisga'a Nisga'a Nisga'a
Tsimshian Tsimshian Tsimshian
Wakashan languages Wakashan languages Wakashan languages
Haisla Haisla Not available
Heiltsuk Heiltsuk Not available
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) Not available
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka)Appendix 5.6 Note 4 Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth)Appendix 5.6 Note 6 Nootka
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. Wakashan languages, n.i.e. Wakashan languages, n.i.e.
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s.Appendix 5.6 Note 12 Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. Aboriginal languages, n.i.e.
Non-Aboriginal languages Non-Aboriginal languages Non-Aboriginal languages
Afro-Asiatic languages Afro-Asiatic languages Afro-Asiatic languages
Berber languagesAppendix 5.6 Note 4 Berber languages (Kabyle) Berber languages (Kabyle)
Kabyle Not available Not available
Berber languages, n.i.e. Not available Not available
Cushitic languages Cushitic languages Cushitic languages
Bilen Not available Not available
Oromo Oromo Oromo
Somali Somali Somali
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. Not available Not available
Semitic languages Semitic languages Semitic languages
Amharic Amharic Amharic
Arabic Arabic Arabic
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic Not available Not available
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic Not available Not available
Harari Not available Not available
Hebrew Hebrew Hebrew
Maltese Maltese Maltese
Tigrigna Tigrigna Tigrigna
Semitic languages, n.i.e. Semitic languages, n.i.e. Semitic languages, n.i.e.
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e.
Austro-Asiatic languages Austro-Asiatic languages Austro-Asiatic languages
Khmer (Cambodian) Khmer (Cambodian) Khmer (Cambodian)
Vietnamese Vietnamese Vietnamese
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e Not available Not available
Austronesian languagesAppendix 5.6 Note 4 Malayo-Polynesian languages Malayo-Polynesian languages
Bikol Bikol Not available
Cebuano Not available Not available
Fijian Fijian Not available
Hiligaynon Not available Not available
Ilocano Ilocano Ilocano
Malagasy Malagasy Not available
Malay Malay Malay
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango)Appendix 5.6 Note 4 Pampango Pampango
Pangasinan Pangasinan Not available
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)
Waray-Waray Not available Not available
Austronesian languages, n.i.e.Appendix 5.6 Note 4 Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e.
Creole languagesAppendix 5.6 Note 4 Creoles Creoles
Haitian Creole Not available Not available
Creole, n.o.s. Not available Not available
Creole languages, n.i.e. Not available Not available
Dravidian languages Dravidian languages Dravidian languages
Kannada Kannada Kannada
Malayalam Malayalam Malayalam
Tamil Tamil Tamil
Telugu Telugu Telugu
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. Dravidian languages, n.i.e. Dravidian languages, n.i.e.
Hmong-Mien languages Not available Not available
Indo-European languages Not available Not available
Albanian Albanian Not available
Armenian Armenian Armenian
Balto-Slavic languages Not available Not available
Baltic languages Baltic languages Baltic languages
Latvian Latvian Latvian
Lithuanian Lithuanian Lithuanian
Slavic languages Slavic languages Slavic languages
BelarusanAppendix 5.6 Note 4 Belarusian (Byelorussian)Appendix 5.6 Note 6 Belarusan (Byelorussian)
Bosnian Bosnian Bosnian
Bulgarian Bulgarian Bulgarian
Croatian Croatian Croatian
Czech Czech Czech
Macedonian Macedonian Macedonian
Polish Polish Polish
Russian Russian Russian
Serbian Serbian Serbian
Serbo-Croatian Serbo-Croatian Serbo-Croatian
Slovak Slovak Slovak
Slovene (Slovenian)Appendix 5.6 Note 4 Slovenian Slovenian
Ukrainian Ukrainian Ukrainian
Slavic languages, n.i.e. Slavic languages, n.i.e. Slavic languages, n.i.e.
Celtic languages Celtic languages Celtic languages
Scottish Gaelic Gaelic languagesAppendix 5.6 Note 13 Gaelic languagesAppendix 5.6 Note 13
Welsh Welsh Welsh
Celtic languages, n.i.e.Appendix 5.6 Note 14 Celtic languages, n.i.e. Celtic languages, n.i.e.
Germanic languages Germanic languages Germanic languages
Afrikaans Afrikaans Not available
Danish Danish Danish
Dutch Dutch Dutch
Frisian Frisian Frisian
German German German
Icelandic Icelandic Icelandic
Norwegian Norwegian Norwegian
Swedish Swedish Swedish
Vlaams (Flemish)Appendix 5.6 Note 4 Flemish Flemish
Yiddish Yiddish Yiddish
Germanic languages, n.i.e. Germanic languages, n.i.e. Germanic languages, n.i.e.Appendix 5.6 Note 15
Greek Greek Greek
Indo-Iranian languages Indo-Iranian languages Indo-Iranian languages
Indo-Aryan languages Indo-Aryan languages Not available
Bengali Bengali Bengali
Gujarati Gujarati Gujarati
Hindi Hindi Hindi
Kashmiri Not available Not available
Konkani Konkani Konkani
Marathi Marathi Marathi
Nepali Nepali Not available
Oriya (Odia) Not available Not available
Punjabi (Panjabi)Appendix 5.6 Note 4 Panjabi (Punjabi) Panjabi (Punjabi)
Sindhi Sindhi Sindhi
Sinhala (Sinhalese) Sinhala (Sinhalese) Sinhala (Sinhalese)
Urdu Urdu Urdu
Iranian languages Iranian languages Iranian languages
Kurdish Kurdish Kurdish
Pashto Pashto Pashto
Persian (Farsi) Persian (Farsi) Persian (Farsi)
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e.
Italic (Romance) languagesAppendix 5.6 Note 4 Romance languages Romance languages
Catalan Catalan Not available
Italian Italian Italian
Portuguese Portuguese Portuguese
Romanian Romanian Romanian
Spanish Spanish Spanish
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e.Appendix 5.6 Note 4 Romance languages, n.i.e. Romance languages, n.i.e.
Japanese Japanese Japanese
Kartvelian languages Not available Not available
Georgian Georgian Not available
Korean Korean Korean
Mongolic languages Not available Not available
Mongolian Mongolian Not available
Niger-Congo languages Niger-Congo languages Niger-Congo languages
Akan (Twi) Akan (Twi) Akan (Twi)
Bamanankan Bamanankan Not available
Edo Edo Edo
Ewe Ewe Not available
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) Not available Not available
Ga Ga Not available
Ganda Ganda Not available
Igbo Igbo Igbo
Lingala Lingala Lingala
Rundi (Kirundi) Rundi (Kirundi) Rundi (Kirundi)
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda)Appendix 5.6 Note 4 Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)
Shona Shona Shona
Swahili Swahili Swahili
Wolof Wolof Wolof
Yoruba Not available Not available
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e.
Nilo-Saharan languages Not available Not available
Dinka Not available Not available
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. Not available Not available
Sign languagesAppendix 5.6 Note 4 Non-verbal languages Non-verbal languages
American Sign Language American Sign Language American Sign Language
Quebec Sign Language Quebec Sign Language Quebec Sign Language
Sign languages, n.i.e Sign languages, n.i.e Sign languages, n.i.e
Sino-Tibetan languages Sino-Tibetan languages Sino-Tibetan languages
Chinese languages Chinese languages Chinese languages
Cantonese Cantonese Cantonese
Hakka Hakka Hakka
Mandarin Mandarin Mandarin
Min Dong Not available Not available
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese)Appendix 5.6 Note 16 Not available Not available
Wu (Shanghainese)Appendix 5.6 Note 4 Shanghainese Shanghainese
Chinese, n.o.s. Chinese, n.o.s.Appendix 5.6 Note 17 Chinese, n.o.s.Appendix 5.6 Note 17
Chinese languages, n.i.e. Not available Not available
Tibeto-Burman languages Not available Not available
Burmese Burmese Not available
Karenic languages Not available Not available
Tibetan Tibetan languagesAppendix 5.6 Note 18 Tibetan languagesAppendix 5.6 Note 18
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. Not available Not available
Tai-Kadai languagesAppendix 5.6 Note 4 Tai languages Tai languages
Lao Lao Lao
Thai Thai Thai
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e Not available Not available
Turkic languages Turkic languages Turkic languages
Azerbaijani Azerbaijani Azerbaijani
Turkish Turkish Turkish
Uyghur Not available Not available
Uzbek Not available Not available
Turkic languages, n.i.e. Turkic languages, n.i.e. Turkic languages, n.i.e.
Uralic languagesAppendix 5.6 Note 4 Finno-Ugric languages Finno-Ugric languages
Estonian Estonian Estonian
Finnish Finnish Finnish
Hungarian Hungarian Hungarian
Uralic languages, n.i.e. Not available Not available
Other languages, n.i.e.Appendix 5.6 Note 19 Other languages Other languages
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